Bond Markets Closed; Prepayments & FHA/VA Loans; New Mortgage Company

At this
week’s MBA conference in Chicago I have noticed conference participants doing
their very best to look very busy, even when standing in a lobby, by staring at
blackberry screens and squinting at name tags. There is no indication that
mortgage bankers, thankfully, will be participating in races with artillery, worth
two minutes to see just how zany British Sailors are: http://biggeekdad.com/2010/09/manly-men/. Don’t try this at home with the
kids.

While the
data last week seemed to ease fears of the US economy slipping back into a
recession, European concerns remain paramount and all eyes will be on
developments coming out of meetings over the weekend and this week on the
handling of Greece’s debt problems. But face it:  this issue is going to be with us for a long
time. The Treasury/bond market is closed
today
– so anyone sending out a rate sheet will price “accordingly”
(read: conservatively) since they have no MBS prices in the U.S. upon which to
base their rates.

Friday’s
positive employment (or at least not too negative) report capped off a string
of better-than-expected economic data, sending 10-year Treasuries to the
highest yield close in three weeks. It appears that we’re not charging back
into a recession, but on the other hands the economy is not doing well enough
to push rates too high. Mortgage prices should be helped with the Fed’s new
purchase plan, relative to Treasury prices, but many, including Paul Jacob of Banc of Manhattan, suggest that bonds
are linked pretty closely to stock market performance at this point. “So we can
fuss and fume about the economy and the Fed – but if the Dow goes to 12,000
we’re looking at higher yields, and at Dow 10,000 the rally’s back on – period.”

Prepayment speeds came out last week,
and they showed a big increase
.
Every loan officer across the nation can tell you why: the reduction of
conforming loan limits starting October 1. September was the last month where
some of these high loan size borrowers, whose loans would no longer be
considered conforming, could have refinanced back into an agency loan. I am
sure that low rates figure in somewhere, but rates have been pretty good for
quite some time. And new borrowers seem
to be the only ones who can have their loans approved under recent guideline
changes
, so the newer loans are the ones reaping the benefits.

Rates are
staying low, and many believe will go lower still, given the state of the
economy. But as mortgage rates have improved, investors have increasingly
become concerned about these jumps in prepayments on lower coupon, recently
originated mortgages. However, due to the increase in annual FHA insurance
premiums, these concerns have predominantly been restricted to Fannie and
Freddie MBS. But what about prepayments
on FHA VA loans impacting Ginnie Mae securities?
A look at rate
sheets show that the FHA rate being offered by originators is now 25-50 basis
points lower than the conventional rate. The increase in annual insurance
premiums only impacts FHA prepays. Prepayments on non-FHA loans are likely to
be faster than speeds at the end of last year. Analysts point out that the
impact of the net tangible benefit test fades as the loan seasons, and that in
fact the most recent HUD outlook report showed that FHA-to-FHA refinancing
applications jumped by 70% and that delinquencies on 2009-2010 vintage Ginnies
have been increasing over the last couple of months. All of this adds up to
many investors believing that FHA VA loans will start to prepay at a
faster rate. Uh oh.

In a
related e-mail from a veteran loan agent: “I was able to provide great deals to
my FHA clients
on the streamline program even with the 5% rule.  Let’s
face it: if you don’t have at least a 5% savings, it is not worth the cost to
refi.  Too many lenders refi loans that really don’t make sense to
refi.  The old rule of thumb was that you must recoup the cost with
savings within 2 years, and I don’t earn more than 1-1.5 points on a loan. I
was able to lower their rates and cover all the closing costs. But the killer
is the new PMI.  Now, it is impossible to streamline. In my opinion, they
should go back to the lower PMI or at least on the streamline redo at the same
PMI rate as the original loan – that will save borrowers a lot of money. 
Where are all these people in the CFPB that are supposed to be watching out for
the consumer? They are busy redoing
forms.”

Is
delinquency in the eyes of the beholder? Not only are credit unions reviewing
their fee structure, hoping to pick off depositors clients from the big
banks who are raising their fees, but now NCUA will review the way it asks
credit unions to track modified mortgages after some credit unions complained
the current policy almost makes foreclosing the troubled loans the more
practical option. In other words, “Do
modified payments mean the loan is current?”
more

We’ve all
learned how long it can take for a bill to pass Congress and be signed by the
president. A bill has been introduced to
allow struggling homeowners to withdraw funds from their retirement accounts
tax-free to make mortgage payments
. The Home Act (that name’s never been
used?) would allow borrowers to withdraw up to $50,000 from a retirement
account or one-half of the current value of that account, whichever is smaller.
The limit is a lifetime cap, and borrowers would be able to make multiple
withdrawals until they reach the cap; the money must be used to pay on their
mortgage within 120 days of withdrawal.

The MBA is among the industry groups
calling on Congress to “do no harm” to the fragile housing market. It
is closely watching the deficit-reduction super committee, which has targeted
homeownership tax breaks such as the mortgage interest deduction and the
capital gains exemption, Bloomberg reports. Moreover, the MBA continues to oppose efforts by regulators to impose
minimum standards for mortgage borrowers, such as a 20% down payment, out of
concern that such a move would not lower default rates but would prevent many
home buyers from obtaining loans.

Did the folks at Fannie know about “robo-signing” eight years ago? It
is alleged that it knew about allegations of improper foreclosure practices by
law firms in 2003 but did not act to stop them. An unnamed shareholder warned
Fannie Mae of alleged foreclosure abuses in 2003, the inspector general for the
agency that regulates Fannie said in a report.

There are
indeed new mortgage banks being formed. Bexil
Corporation has agreed with the John Robbins Group to develop Bexil American
Mortgage Inc
., a new mortgage origination company that will focus on the
wholesale and retail market. Many folks know Mr. Robbins from his days as CEO
of American Mortgage Network and past Chairman of the Mortgage Bankers
Association. In the PR piece John Robbins, now president of Bexil American
Mortgage, said, “This is a perfect time to build a new nationwide mortgage
bank. I have always felt real opportunity is born in the vacuum created by the
bottom of a cycle. While many lenders are busy dealing with problems arising
from a deep housing slump, we have the opportunity to create a nimble, efficient
company not burdened with legacy loan repurchase issues.”

If you ever want to see what the Fed is up to with its new program of buying
more mortgage-backed securities, go to: http://www.newyorkfed.org/markets/ambs/

Friday’s bank closures only had two on the roster: in Minnesota the RiverBank’s
depositors now see Central Bank on their statements. And down in Missouri Sun
Security Bank wasn’t secure enough and is now part of Great Southern Bank as
part of the agreement.

Fifth Third got the word out to clients that for
conventional loans, “Fannie Mae (DU) loans with an LTV 80% now only
require a 3% minimum borrower contribution from the borrower’s own funds for 1
unit primary residences only. (High balance product not permitted, and MI
requirements must be met of course.) Freddie Mac (LP) loans will continue to
require a 5% minimum borrower contribution from the borrower’s own funds for
mortgages with an LTV 80%.

Things quiet down this week, economic news-wise. Today’s a holiday for many, certainly for bonds in the US. Tomorrow
we’ll have the FOMC minutes, Wednesday the MBA app numbers. Thursday things
“hot up” a little with Jobless Claims and some trade balance numbers.
Friday we have Retail Sales for September, import export prices, and a
University of Michigan Sentiment number. Really, aside from the FOMC minutes
and Retail Sales, it is a pretty ho-hum week.


An eye witness account from New York City, on a cold day in December, some
years ago: A little boy, about 10-years-old, was standing before a shoe store
on the roadway, barefooted, peering through the window, and shivering with
cold.
A lady approached the young boy and said, “My, but you’re in such deep thought staring
in that window!”
“I was asking God to give me a pair of shoes,” was the boy’s reply.
The lady took him by the hand, went into the store, and asked the clerk to get
half a dozen pairs of socks for the boy. She then asked if he could give her a
basin of water and a towel. He quickly brought them to her.
She took the little fellow to the back part of the store and, removing her
gloves, knelt down, washed his little feet, and dried them with the towel.
By this time, the clerk had returned with the socks. Placing a pair upon the
boy’s feet, she purchased him a pair of shoes.
She tied up the remaining pairs of socks and gave them to him. She patted him
on the head and said, “No doubt, you will be more comfortable now.”
As she turned to go, the astonished kid caught her by the hand, and looking up
into her face, with tears in his eyes, asked her, “Are you God’s wife?”

If you’re
interested, visit my twice-a-month blog at the STRATMOR Group web site located
at www.stratmorgroup.com. The current blog takes a look at
Fannie Freddie the FHFA, and the changes they have in the hopper.
If you have both the time and inclination, make a comment on what I have
written, or on other comments so that folks can learn what’s going on out there
from the other readers.

Article source: http://www.mortgagenewsdaily.com/channels/pipelinepress/10102011-u-s-economy-treading-water.aspx

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