Home prices pulled, at least temporarily, out of their
downward spiral according to the SP/Case-Shiller Home Price Indices (HPI)
released on Tuesday. The National Index rose
3.6 percent in the second quarter of 2011, increasing in each of the three
months of the quarter following the first quarter when the index fell 4.1
percent. SP, however, attributes
the recent improvement to seasonal market forces and, when seasonally adjusted,
the increase is only 0.1 percent. The
National Index had hit a new low in the first quarter and, even with the second
quarter improvement posted an annual decline of 5.9 percent when compared to
the second quarter of 2010.
The SP Indices are constructed to accurately track the
price of a typical single-family home.
The National Index is a composite of home prices in the nine U.S. Census
divisions and is calculated quarterly.
The 10-City Index is a value-weighted composite of 10 metropolitan
statistical area (MSAs) indices and the 20-City Index covers 20 MSAs. These
indices are calculated monthly. The indices were assigned a base value of 100
in January 2000, thus a current index value of 150 means a typical house has
increased in value by 50 percent since the index was constructed. The indices have now returned to 2003 levels.
At the end of June both the 10- and 20-City composites were
up 1.1 percent from May and all of the MSAs increased except for Portland
Oregon which was essentially unchanged. On a non-seasonally adjusted basis,
Minneapolis and Chicago showed the largest increases with each up 3.2 percent since
May. Twelve of the 20 MSAs increased in
each of the last three months.
indices were down when compared to numbers one year earlier. The 10- and
20-City Composites posted annual rates of decline of 3.8 percent and 4.5
percent respectively. Every MSA declined
when compared to June 2010 with the largest drop recorded by Minneapolis (-10.8
percent) followed by Portland (-9.6 percent) and Phoenix (-9.3 percent.) The smallest annual decrease was experienced
by Washington DC (-1.2 percent), Boston (-2.1 percent) and Denver (-2.5).
“This month’s report showed mixed signals for recovery in
home prices,” David M. Blitzer, Chairman of the Index Committee at SP
Indices said. “Looking across the
cities, eight bottomed in 2009 and have remained above their lows. These include all of the California cities
plus Dallas, Denver, and Washington, DC, all relatively strong markets. At the other extreme, those which set new
lows in 2011 include the four Sunbelt cities – Las Vegas, Miami, Phoenix and
Tampa – as well as the weakest of all, Detroit.
These shifts suggest that we are back to regional housing markets,
rather than a national housing market where everything rose and fell together.”
SP said that the June report as well as the one
published last month showed unusually large revisions across the same MSAs,
Detroit, New York, Tampa, and Washington DC, and they expect the current
figures to experience similar revisions.
There are a number of factors contributing to these revisions, most of
them leading to lags in recording deeds.