Mandela memorial: World leaders gather


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People take shelter under blankets and umbrellas during the memorial service for former South African President Nelson Mandela at FNB Stadium in Johannesburg on Tuesday, December 10. Thousands of South Africans and more than 90 heads of state gathered to honor the revered leader, who died Thursday, December 5, at age 95.People take shelter under blankets and umbrellas during the memorial service for former South African President Nelson Mandela at FNB Stadium in Johannesburg on Tuesday, December 10. Thousands of South Africans and more than 90 heads of state gathered to honor the revered leader, who died Thursday, December 5, at age 95.

Dignitaries from all over the world stand at the beginning of the memorial service.Dignitaries from all over the world stand at the beginning of the memorial service.

A man raises his fist during the memorial service.A man raises his fist during the memorial service.

Mandela's face looms large on a billboard inside FNB Stadium.Mandela’s face looms large on a billboard inside FNB Stadium.

President Barack Obama addresses the crowd during the memorial service.President Barack Obama addresses the crowd during the memorial service.

Obama shakes hands with Cuban President Raul Castro just before speaking.Obama shakes hands with Cuban President Raul Castro just before speaking.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, left, and South African President Jacob Zuma stand during the memorial service.U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, left, and South African President Jacob Zuma stand during the memorial service.

Mourners pause for a prayer during the memorial service.Mourners pause for a prayer during the memorial service.

Members of the public sing and dance as they arrive for the memorial service at FNB Stadium.Members of the public sing and dance as they arrive for the memorial service at FNB Stadium.

People arrive at FNB Stadium before the memorial service.People arrive at FNB Stadium before the memorial service.

People watch a telecast of the memorial service inside Orlando Stadium in Soweto, which played an important role in the uprisings against apartheid.People watch a telecast of the memorial service inside Orlando Stadium in Soweto, which played an important role in the uprisings against apartheid.

Mandela's ex-wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, left, and his widow, Graca Machel, right, sit near each other during the memorial service.Mandela’s ex-wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, left, and his widow, Graca Machel, right, sit near each other during the memorial service.

Former Archbishop Desmond Tutu, right, arrives with former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan at FNB Stadium.Former Archbishop Desmond Tutu, right, arrives with former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan at FNB Stadium.

Singer Bono and actress Charlize Theron attend the memorial service.Singer Bono and actress Charlize Theron attend the memorial service.

People celebrate Mandela at a telecast of the memorial service at Ellis Park in Johannesburg.People celebrate Mandela at a telecast of the memorial service at Ellis Park in Johannesburg.

People sing and dance at Ellis Park in Johannesburg.People sing and dance at Ellis Park in Johannesburg.

Women draped in flags printed with Mandela's face arrive at FNB Stadium.Women draped in flags printed with Mandela’s face arrive at FNB Stadium.

Cuban President Raul Castro arrives for the memorial service.Cuban President Raul Castro arrives for the memorial service.

World leaders, including former French President Nicolas Sarkozy, top second left, and French President Francois Hollande, top second right, attend the memorial service.World leaders, including former French President Nicolas Sarkozy, top second left, and French President Francois Hollande, top second right, attend the memorial service.

South Africa Rugby Union captain Francois Pienaar waits for the memorial service to begin.South Africa Rugby Union captain Francois Pienaar waits for the memorial service to begin.

Mourners wave flags at a telecast of the memorial service at Ellis Park in Johannesburg.Mourners wave flags at a telecast of the memorial service at Ellis Park in Johannesburg.

Spain's Prince Felipe arrives at FNB Stadium.Spain’s Prince Felipe arrives at FNB Stadium.

British Prime Minister David Cameron arrives for the memorial service.British Prime Minister David Cameron arrives for the memorial service.

Former British Prime Minister John Major arrives for the memorial service.Former British Prime Minister John Major arrives for the memorial service.

Members of the public make their way to the memorial service at FNB Stadium.Members of the public make their way to the memorial service at FNB Stadium.

A man clutches the official program in Johannesburg.A man clutches the official program in Johannesburg.

Mourners sing as they take shelter from the rain in the hallways of FNB Stadium.Mourners sing as they take shelter from the rain in the hallways of FNB Stadium.

A man waves a South African flag at FNB Stadium.A man waves a South African flag at FNB Stadium.

People walk around the FNB Stadium in Johannesburg.People walk around the FNB Stadium in Johannesburg.


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Watch the Nelson Mandela memorial from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. CET Tuesday on CNN International. Dozens of heads of state, including Presidents Zuma, Obama and Castro, will be there with thousands of South Africans at the 90,000-seat FNB Stadium in Johannesburg.

Johannesburg (CNN) — Presidents and prime ministers, celebrities and royals joined tens of thousands of South Africans to pay tribute to Nelson Mandela on Tuesday, in a memorial service celebrating a man seen as a global symbol of reconciliation.

In what has been billed as one of the largest gatherings of global leaders in recent history, world leaders from President Barack Obama to Cuba’s Raul Castro gathered alongside street sweepers, actors and religious figures to pay tribute to the revered statesman who died last Thursday, aged 95.

Despite the heavy rain, the atmosphere inside Johannesburg ‘s FNB stadium was celebratory, with people dancing, blowing “vuvuzela” plastic horns and singing songs from the anti-apartheid struggle.

Nelson Mandela, the prisoner-turned-president who reconciled South Africa after the end of apartheid, died on Thursday, December 5, according to the country's president, Jacob Zuma. Mandela was 95.Nelson Mandela, the prisoner-turned-president who reconciled South Africa after the end of apartheid, died on Thursday, December 5, according to the country’s president, Jacob Zuma. Mandela was 95.

Mandela became president of the African National Congress Youth League in 1951.Mandela became president of the African National Congress Youth League in 1951.

Mandela poses for a photo, circa 1950.Mandela poses for a photo, circa 1950.

Mandela poses in boxing gloves in 1952.Mandela poses in boxing gloves in 1952.

Mandela in the office of Mandela  Tambo, a law practice set up in Johannesburg by Mandela and Oliver Tambo to provide free or affordable legal representation to black South Africans.Mandela in the office of Mandela Tambo, a law practice set up in Johannesburg by Mandela and Oliver Tambo to provide free or affordable legal representation to black South Africans.

From left: Patrick Molaoa, Robert Resha and Mandela walk to the courtroom for their treason trial in Johannesburg.From left: Patrick Molaoa, Robert Resha and Mandela walk to the courtroom for their treason trial in Johannesburg.

Mandela married his second wife, social worker Winnie Madikizela, in 1958. At the time, he was an active member of the African National Congress and had begun his lifelong commitment to ending segregation in South Africa.Mandela married his second wife, social worker Winnie Madikizela, in 1958. At the time, he was an active member of the African National Congress and had begun his lifelong commitment to ending segregation in South Africa.

Nelson and Winnie Mandela raise their fists to salute a cheering crowd upon his 1990 release from Victor Verster Prison. He was still as upright and proud, he would say, as the day he walked into prison 27 years before.Nelson and Winnie Mandela raise their fists to salute a cheering crowd upon his 1990 release from Victor Verster Prison. He was still as upright and proud, he would say, as the day he walked into prison 27 years before.

A jubilant South African holds up a newspaper announcing Mandela's release from prison at an ANC rally in Soweto on February 11, 1990. Two days later, more than 100,000 people attended a rally celebrating his release from jail.A jubilant South African holds up a newspaper announcing Mandela’s release from prison at an ANC rally in Soweto on February 11, 1990. Two days later, more than 100,000 people attended a rally celebrating his release from jail.

Mandela and Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda arrive at an ANC rally on March 3, 1990, in Lusaka, Zambia. Mandela was elected president of the ANC the next year.Mandela and Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda arrive at an ANC rally on March 3, 1990, in Lusaka, Zambia. Mandela was elected president of the ANC the next year.

After his release in 1990, Mandela embarked on a world tour, meeting U.S. President George H.W. Bush at the White House in June.After his release in 1990, Mandela embarked on a world tour, meeting U.S. President George H.W. Bush at the White House in June.

At his Soweto home on July 18, 1990, Mandela blows out the candles on his 72nd birthday cake. It was the first birthday he celebrated as a free man since the 1960s.At his Soweto home on July 18, 1990, Mandela blows out the candles on his 72nd birthday cake. It was the first birthday he celebrated as a free man since the 1960s.

Mandela and his wife react to supporters during a visit to Brazil at the governor's palace in Rio De Janeiro, on August 1, 1991.Mandela and his wife react to supporters during a visit to Brazil at the governor’s palace in Rio De Janeiro, on August 1, 1991.

South African President Frederik de Klerk, right, and Mandela shared a Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for their work to secure a peaceful transition from apartheid rule.South African President Frederik de Klerk, right, and Mandela shared a Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for their work to secure a peaceful transition from apartheid rule.

Mandela votes for the first time in his life on March 26, 1994.Mandela votes for the first time in his life on March 26, 1994.

On April 27, 1994, a long line of people snake toward a polling station in the black township of Soweto outside of Johannesburg in the nation's first all-race elections.On April 27, 1994, a long line of people snake toward a polling station in the black township of Soweto outside of Johannesburg in the nation’s first all-race elections.

Mandela in Mmabatho for an election rally on March 15, 1994.Mandela in Mmabatho for an election rally on March 15, 1994.

Mandela was elected president in the first open election in South African history on April 29, 1994. He's pictured here taking the oath at his inauguration in May, becoming the nation's first black president.Mandela was elected president in the first open election in South African history on April 29, 1994. He’s pictured here taking the oath at his inauguration in May, becoming the nation’s first black president.

Mandela, left, cheers as Springbok Rugby captain Francois Pienaar holds the Webb Ellis trophy high after winning the World Cup Rugby Championship in Johannesburg on June 24, 1995. Mandela, left, cheers as Springbok Rugby captain Francois Pienaar holds the Webb Ellis trophy high after winning the World Cup Rugby Championship in Johannesburg on June 24, 1995.

After one term as president, Mandela stepped down. Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki, at right, was sworn in as his replacement in June 1999.After one term as president, Mandela stepped down. Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki, at right, was sworn in as his replacement in June 1999.

Mandela sits outside his former prison cell on Robben Island on November 28, 2003, ahead of his AIDS benefit concert at Green Point Stadium in Cape Town. He was sent to the infamous prison five miles off the coast of South Africa, where he spent 18 of his 27 years behind bars.Mandela sits outside his former prison cell on Robben Island on November 28, 2003, ahead of his AIDS benefit concert at Green Point Stadium in Cape Town. He was sent to the infamous prison five miles off the coast of South Africa, where he spent 18 of his 27 years behind bars.

Mandela shows something to a group of international journalists visiting the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Johannesburg in May 2004.Mandela shows something to a group of international journalists visiting the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Johannesburg in May 2004.

Mandela sits with his wife, Graca Machel, and his grandchildren at his son's funeral on January 15, 2005. He disclosed that his son, Makgatho Lewanika Mandela, had died of AIDS and said the disease should be given publicity so people would stop viewing it as extraordinary.Mandela sits with his wife, Graca Machel, and his grandchildren at his son’s funeral on January 15, 2005. He disclosed that his son, Makgatho Lewanika Mandela, had died of AIDS and said the disease should be given publicity so people would stop viewing it as extraordinary.

The 46664 Arctic benefit concert was held in Tromso, Norway, on June 11, 2005. 46664 was Mandela's identification number in prison. Here, artists who performed at the event surround him.The “46664 Arctic” benefit concert was held in Tromso, Norway, on June 11, 2005. 46664 was Mandela’s identification number in prison. Here, artists who performed at the event surround him.

Mandela attends an HIV/AIDs concert in Johannesburg on February 17, 2005.Mandela attends an HIV/AIDs concert in Johannesburg on February 17, 2005.

Former U.S. President Bill Clinton leans down to whisper to former South African President Nelson Mandela during a visit to the Nelson Mandela Foundation on July 19, 2007, in Johannesburg.Former U.S. President Bill Clinton leans down to whisper to former South African President Nelson Mandela during a visit to the Nelson Mandela Foundation on July 19, 2007, in Johannesburg.

A bronze statue of Mandela was unveiled in Parliament Square in London on August 29, 2007. The 9-foot statue faces the Houses of Parliament.A bronze statue of Mandela was unveiled in Parliament Square in London on August 29, 2007. The 9-foot statue faces the Houses of Parliament.

Mandela leaves the InterContinental Hotel after a photoshoot with celebrity photographer Terry O'Neil on June 26, 2008, in London.Mandela leaves the InterContinental Hotel after a photoshoot with celebrity photographer Terry O’Neil on June 26, 2008, in London.

Mandela meets in 2009 with international children as part of his 46664 Foundation.Mandela meets in 2009 with international children as part of his 46664 Foundation.

Nelson Mandela and his third wife, Graca Machel, arrive at the 2010 World Cup before the final match between Netherlands and Spain on July 11, 2010, at Soccer City Stadium in Soweto.Nelson Mandela and his third wife, Graca Machel, arrive at the 2010 World Cup before the final match between Netherlands and Spain on July 11, 2010, at Soccer City Stadium in Soweto.

Then-U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton meets with Mandela at his home in Qunu, South Africa, on August 6, 2012.Then-U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton meets with Mandela at his home in Qunu, South Africa, on August 6, 2012.


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The evolution of Nelson MandelaThe evolution of Nelson Mandela


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Planning for the Mandela memorial service


Bono: Mandela chose love over hate

Many carried banners honoring “Madiba,” Mandela’s traditional clan name, or his picture. Others were draped in materials covered with his face or the green, yellow, black, red and blue colors of the South African flag.

Some had skipped work and queued for hours to secure a seat so that they could pay their respects at the stadium where Mandela delivered his first major speech after his release from prison.

The four-hour service, coinciding with U.N. Human Rights Day, is the centerpiece of a week of mourning and was expected to bring much of South Africa to a stop.

It began with the national anthem before South Africa’s presidents — past and present — were introduced. There was a loud cheer from the crowd for F.W. de Klerk, the last leader of white South Africa, who shared a Nobel Peace Prize with Mandela for helping to end apartheid.

The joyous cries died down as speeches from Mandela’s family, friends as well as a fellow Robben Island prison inmate began. Anguished faces listened quietly as a sorrowful chant to “Tata Madiba” filled the air. “Tata” means “father” in Mandela’s Xhosa tribe.

READ: The official program

‘The world has lost a mentor’

There were loud cheers for President Obama, who like Mandela was his nation’s first black president. He has cited Mandela as his own inspiration for entering politics.

“To the people of South Africa — people of every race and every walk of life — the world thanks you for sharing Nelson Mandela with us,” he said in his speech.

In addition, the presidents of Brazil, Namibia, India, Cuba and South Africa were also expected to speak at the service.

“South Africa has lost a hero, they have lost a father. The world has lost a beloved friend and mentor,” United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said to loud cheers.

“Nelson Mandela was more than one of the greatest leaders of our time, he was one of the greatest teachers. And he taught by example.”

The stadium, which can seat around 90,000 people, was filled with guests such as British Prime Minister David Cameron, the Prince of Wales, French President Francois Hollande and Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.

Nobel Peace Prize laureate Archbishop Desmond Tutu and South African President Jacob Zuma were among the first to arrive at the stadium.


Four presidents head to Mandela funeral


Mandela memorial security preps


Mandela through the years


How Mandela shaped a new South Africa

Members of The Elders, a group of retired statesmen founded by Mandela and others were also in attendance, including former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan and former U.S. President Jimmy Carter

The crowds cheered loudly and clapped as a huge screen showed famous faces, namely for the arrival of Obama.

The world of entertainment also was well represented, with South African actress Charlize Theron and U2’s Bono in attendance. Celebrity guests also included Oprah Winfrey and Naomi Campbell.

Mandela’s widow, Graca Machel, and his former wife Winnie Mandela embraced and kissed as they arrived.

Paying tribute to his uncle, General Thanduxolo Mandela gave thanks to the outpouring of respect from around the world.

“This universal show of unity is a true reflection of all that Madiba stood for — peace, justice, unity of all mankind,” he said.

“Let us pledge to keep Madiba’s dream alive.”

Tight security

With 91 heads of state attending, security was tight.

Working off plans developed for years in secret, the South African government is using an elite military task force, sniper teams and canine teams to help secure the stadium, CNN’s Arwa Damon reported Monday. In addition, helicopters and military jets frequently fly overhead.

“Should anybody, anything dare to disturb or disrupt this period of mourning and finally taking and accompanying the former president to his last resting place, then that person will be dealt with,” Brig. Gen. Xolani Mabanga said Monday.

South African officials won’t give details about their security plans — how many police officers, how many troops, precautions to keep the stadium weapons- and explosives-free.

Are you there? Send your photos and video

“But we can assure that all necessary steps have been taken, and that is why the leadership of the world and former leaders of the world have confidence to come to our country at this time to share with us this moment,” said Minister in the Presidency Collins Chabane.

U.S. officials said they were satisfied with security arrangements.

The event promises to rival other significant state funerals in recent decades, such as that of former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1965 and the 2008 funeral of Pope John Paul II, which attracted some 2 million people to Rome — among them four kings, five queens, at least 70 presidents and prime ministers and the leaders of 14 other faiths.

At that event, metal detectors and some 15,000 members of security forces stood watch.

Security was also stepped up outside Mandela’s home, where crowds showed up with umbrellas to show their appreciation of a man they said represented unity. Some even said they missed work for the occasion.

“We want to respect our father of the nation, our father of the country. That is why we left work to pay that respect to him,” one South African told CNN.

Send us your stories, memories and photographs of the Nobel Peace prize winner and former South African president.

Presidents set to speak at service

While Tuesday’s memorial is the first major event honoring Mandela since his death, it won’t be the last.

A state funeral will be held Sunday in Mandela’s ancestral hometown of Qunu in South Africa’s Eastern Cape province.

Crews worked overtime Monday to prepare stadium or the service.

The government has set up overflow locations at stadiums and other facilities throughout the country.

With private vehicles banned from the area around the stadium, the government pressed buses from around the country into service and stepped up train service to move the crowds.

In Soweto township, where Mandela lived before he was imprisoned for 27 years, people waited for three hours for buses to take them to the stadium. Unfazed by the wait, they sang and danced.

Monday events

South Africa’s Parliament reconvened Monday for an afternoon of speeches and memorials to Mandela. Dozens of members of parliament spoke.

“The world over, his name has evolved into a metaphor,” Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe said. “The name Nelson Mandela has entered the pantheon of history’s sages.”

Out of the public eye, friends who had not seen each other in years have been coming together with Mandela’s family in his home, said Zelda la Grange, Mandela’s longtime personal assistant.

Mandela called la Grange his “rock,” even though she seemed an unlikely confidante. She was a white Afrikaner and an employee of the former apartheid government.

In her first interview since Mandela’s death, she described the mood in his home to CNN’s Robyn Curnow on Monday.

“Obviously there’s sadness in the house,” she said, but also, “People are celebrating Madiba’s life. They are grateful.” She referred to Mandela by his well-known clan name.

READ: Nelson Mandela’s death sparks global response

READ: Prayers, songs for Nelson Mandela at services in South Africa

CNN’s Michael Pearson, Athena Jones, Holly Yan, Chris Cuomo, Kim Norgaard, Robin Curnow, Arwa Damon and David McKenzie contributed to this report.


Article source: http://rss.cnn.com/~r/rss/money_topstories/~3/1wm-0b3eItU/

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