Another measure of returning normalcy
came on Thursday with a report from the Office of Comptroller of the Currency
(OCC) on mortgage loan performance. The
regulator said that 94.2 percent of the first mortgages serviced by eight large
national banks it regulates were current and performing in the first quarter of
2015. This is an increase from 93.1
percent in the first quarter of 2014. The mortgages in this portfolio comprise
43.9 percent of all residential mortgages outstanding in the United States-22.7
million loans totaling $3.8 trillion in principal balances.
Loans in early stage delinquency – 30 to
59 days past due – represented 1.9 percent of the total, a 7 percent decrease
from a year earlier. There was a more
substantial year-over-year improvement in the percentage of loans that were 60
or more days past due or held by borrowers more than 30 days past due and in
bankruptcy, down 16.4 percent to a 2.6 percent rate.
Servicers reported that their foreclosure
inventories, loans in the process of foreclosure at the end of the quarter,
decreased by 30.8 percent from the previous year to 299,424 loans, a rate of
1.3 percent. There were 83,058 loans
put into the foreclosure process, down 8.6 percent from the first quarter of
2014, and completed foreclosures decreased 31.5 percent to 38,509.
Foreclosures, short sales, and
deeds-in-lieu of foreclosure resulted in 47,430 home forfeitures compared to 188,816
home retention actions implemented during the quarter. These included loan modifications, trial-period
plans, and shorter-term payment plans. The number of home retention actions
implemented by servicers was down 20.6 percent from a year earlier.
OCC said that between January 1, 2008
and December 31, 2014 servicers for the eight banks implemented 3.70 million
loan modifications and approximately 1.97 million or 53 percent remained active
through the end of Q1 2015. Of these, 72.2
percent were current and performing, 22.4 percent were delinquent, and 5.5
percent were in the process of foreclosure.
The other 47 percent had exited from servicers’ portfolios through payoffs,
involuntary liquidation, or transfer to another servicer.