While implementation is a ways down the road, both
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the GSEs) will offer new streamlined refinance
options aimed at borrowers with high loan-to-value (LTV) ratios. The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA),
conservator of the GSEs, announced on Thursday that the new products will be
available starting in October 2017. In the
meantime, in order to provide a bridge for borrowers with high loan-to-value
(LTV) ratios, FHFA has extended the availability of Home Affordable Refinance (HARP)
loans through September 30, 2017 rather than terminating the program at the end
of this year.
The FHFA announcement says the new GSE refinance
offerings will provide
much-needed liquidity for borrowers who are current on their mortgage but are
unable to refinance through traditional programs because their LTV ratio
exceeds the GSEs’ maximum limits.
Criteria for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans vary slightly but
essentially the new refinancing products require that borrowers have not missed
any mortgage payments for at least the previous six months and not more than
one payment in the previous 12 months. At least 12 payments must have been made
to Freddie or Fannie since the loan was acquired. Borrowers must also have a source of income
and be refinancing a loan originated by the lender through whom they are
the refinancing is contingent on the borrower benefiting from the new loan
through at least one of a reduced monthly principal and interest payment, a
lower interest rate, a shorter amortization term, or accessing a more stable
product (i.e. moving to a fixed-rate mortgage from an adjustable one).
will permit mortgage insurance to be transferred to the new loan. If the old loan does not have insurance in
place it will not be required for the refinancing as long as all other
eligibility requirements are met. The
loan allows streamlined documentation for employment, income, and assets.
FHFA says the new refinance offering
is more targeted than HARP loans but like HARP, eligible borrowers do not need
a minimum credit score and there is no maximum debt to income ratio. Appraisals may not always be required. Unlike
HARP the loan is not limited by the origination date of the loan being refinanced
and borrowers can use the product more than once. Active HARP loans cannot be refinanced into
the new offerings.
“Providing a sustainable
refinance opportunity for high LTV borrowers who have demonstrated
responsibility by remaining current on their mortgage makes financial sense
both for borrowers and for the Enterprises,” said FHFA Director Melvin L.
Watt. “This new offering will give borrowers the opportunity to
refinance when rates are low, making their mortgages more affordable and thus
reducing credit risk exposure for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.”